Articles & Studies

Taking Action against Cancer in the Fire Service A white paper on cancer in the Fire Service (August 2013| FCSN)
NIOSH Firefighter Cancer Study NIOSH Study of Firefighters – “Mortality and cancer incidence in a pooled cohort
of US firefighters from San Francisco, Chicago
and Philadelphia (1950–2009)” (October 2013| FCSN)
JFRD SOP on reducing exposure onscene Jacksonville Fire and Rescue Department’s SOP/SOG on reducing firefighter exposure to carcinogens and products of combustion and to better facilitate on scene health & safety protocols such as Rehab and Decon
LA City FD Managed Personal Protective Equipment Plan Los Angeles City FD Managed Personal Protective Equipment Plan – See more at:
HHS, NIOSH, and CDC’s Evaluation of Chemical Exposures Evaluation of Chemical Exposures during Fire Fighter Training Exercises Involving Smoke Simulant

Navy Fire and Emergency Services Newsletter, August 2013, Vol 11, No 8
Discussion of the FCSN Whitepaper. (Pages 11-13)
Accident Prevention Program Policy and guidelines. (September 2007 | Kent Fire Department, OH)
Air Quality After the Fire Determining the level of protection needed after the fire is out. (Noblesville Fire Department, IN)
Cancer in the Fire Service: Fact or Fiction? Controversy over the connection between firefighting and incidents of cancer. (March 2010 | Fire Chief Magazine)
Cancer Incidence Among Male Massachusetts Firefighters, 1987–2003 Firefighters are known to be exposed to recognized or probable carcinogens. Previous studies have found elevated risks of several types of cancers in firefighters. (2008 | American Journal of Industrial Medicine)
Cancer Risk Among Firefighters: A Review and Meta-Analysis of 32 Studies Three criteria used to assess the probable, possible, or unlikely risk for 21 cancers included pattern of meta-relative risks, study type, and heterogeneity testing. (November 2006 | Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Carcinogenicity of Shift-Work, Painting, and Firefighting Although increases in various cancers in firefighters compared with the general population have been noted in several studies, consistent patterns are difficult to discern due to the large variations of exposures. (December 2007 | Policy Watch)
Characterization of Firefighter Exposures During Fire Overhaul Minimal information is available regarding firefighter exposures during overhaul. (September/October 2000 | American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal)
“Chief, I Have Cancer…” How to support our colleagues diagnosed with cancer. (December 2010 | Fire Rescue Magazine)
Cohort Mortality Study of Philadelphia Firefighters Previous studies have reported excess risk of some cancers but have been limited by small numbers or little information. (2001 | American Journal of Industrial Medicine)
Control Plan for Hazardous Materials Exposures Policy and guidelines. (September 2007 | Kent Fire Department, OH)
Cyanide Exposure Evaluation of three incidents leading up to cyanide exposures sustained by members. (March 2006 | Providence Fire Department, RI)
Diesel Emissions in Fire Stations Exposure to diesel emissions from idling fire trucks and generators inside stations. (July 2004)
Don’t Be Me Bob Kilduff, with 34 years in the fire service, on his occupational cancer. (2008 | Boston Firefighters Local 718)
Engine Exhaust Fumes Operational directives. (May 1999 | Pasadena Fire Department, CA)
Evaluating Causality for Occupational Cancers: the Example of Firefighters Firefighters are exposed to carcinogens associated with combustion, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. (June 2007 | Occupational Medicine)
Federal Firefighters Fairness Act of 2007 Amendment to create a presumption that disability of a Federal fire protection employee caused by certain conditions is presumed to result from the performance of such employee’s duty. (February 2007)
Fighting Fires. Fighting Cancer. Part 3 in the “Working to Death” series, examining the health risks facing firefighters. (November/December 2008 | International Fire Fighter)
Fire Incident Decontamination Policy and guidelines. (September 2007 | Kent Fire Department, OH)
Firefighter Occupational Cancer, Protections Pennsylvania’s amendments to the Workers’ Compensation Act that addresses firefighter occupational diseases. (June 2008 | Pennsylvania Professional Fire Fighters and Fire Chiefs)
Firefighters Face Increased Risk for Certain Cancers Firefighters are significantly more likely to develop four different types of cancer than workers in other fields. (November 2006 | University of Cincinnati healthNEWS)
Inspection, Care, and Maintenance of PPE Equipment directives. (April 1999 | Pasadena Fire Department, CA)
Occupational Health Investigation of Cancer Among Firefighters in Anne Arundel County, Maryland Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health investigated a possible cancer cluster. (June 2005)
Personal Protective Clothing Policy and guidelines. (September 2007 | Kent Fire Department, OH)
Physical Fitness Program Policy and guidelines. (September 2007 | Kent Fire Department, OH)
PPE Washing Procedure To provide procedures and guidelines for the maintenance of equipment.
Protective Clothing Standard operating procedures. (January 2007 | City of Waco Fire Department)
Pushing Fire and Baby Wipes Toxin exposure in today’s firefighting. (June 2013 | The Bugle Report)
Report of the Investigation Committee into the Cyanide Poisonings of Providence Firefighters Numerous members reported symptoms consistent with cyanide poisoning. (May 2006 | Providence Fire Department, RI)
Required Use of SCBA and PPE Enhancement of line personnel safety by requiring the use of SCBA. (June 2003)
Respiratory Protection Policy and guidelines. (September 2007 | Kent Fire Department, OH)
Risk Management Planning Policy and guidelines. (September 2007 | Kent Fire Department, OH)
Smoke Perceptions, Myths, and Misunderstandings Reading smoke is one thing – breathing it is completely different. (Cyanide Poisoning Treatment Coalition)
Smokeless Tobacco Use Policy and guidelines. (September 2007 | Kent Fire Department, OH)
Tobacco Use Policies and procedures. (May 2001 | Montgomery County Division of Fire and Rescue Services)
Turnout Storage This SOG is designed to limit the exposure of personnel to carcinogens and other harmful substances that are on turnouts. (January 2002 | Camas Fire Department, WA)
Vehicle Exhaust Systems Policy and guidelines. (September 2007 | Kent Fire Department, OH)


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